What Decision Making Style Is Most Prevalent In Your Organization?


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Luke Wilcox answered
Decision making, in its most basic description, is a mental process that takes place before selecting some form of action or change from multiple alternatives. There are many different types of decision making, however they all have the fact that the result of the process is a final choice in common. The final choice tends to be a course of action or an opinion.

There are four main types of decision making as described below:

This is the most common form of making decisions. It is a logical form of decision making where the choices and options of a decision are analyzed and what is considered to be the most effective is chosen. It is often to use a list of pros and cons for each choice in order to deduct which is the best. It is often to predict outcome should one choice be made of another. For example, if a person was driving and came to a point where they had to decide whether to take a left or right, it is common for the driver to make predictions on the outcome of the choice made. For example, taking a left may mean a longer distance to travel in order to reach the required destination, however taking a result has a higher risk of traffic. From these predictions a decision would be made by the driver.

This type of decision making isn't based on logical thinking, predictions or the choice of what is considered to be the best out of the selection. These decisions are based more on an intuition or "gut-feeling". Some intuitive decision making methods also include basing a decision on the outcome of a flipped coin, a thrown dice, astrology signs, etc.

-Recognition primed

This form of decision making is concerned with the recognition of apparent patterns from gathered information within our environment that is relevant to the decision in question. An option is then picked from a selection before it is mentally rehearsed in order to test its effectiveness in the given situation. If this mental test proves the option to be effective, then the decision is made and we go through with it.
This is considered to be a combination of rational and intuitive decision making, in the sense that the problem is thought out rationally, however it is the intuition of the person, stimulated by the apparent patterns within the environment, that cause people to come up with the options in the first place. These patterns are directly related to previous life experiences of people.

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