What Is Organizational Structure And Design?

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An organizational structure defines how work tasks are formally divided, grouped and coordinated. Six basic elements are used by the managers that are kept in mind when an organizational structure is to be designed.

1. Work specialization   2. Departmentalization   3. Chain of command

4. Span of control      5. Centralization & decentralization   6. Formalization

Organization Design defines a formal and outlines process which can be used to integrate people and information and technology of an organization. It a process that can be used to improve the chances that an organization will be successful in the present and the future as well.

There are three more common organizational designs which are

1. Simple structure   2. Bureaucracy    3. Matrix structure

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