Yes, Payday loans are a lender, and their clients are obligors. The company can attempt to collect a debt for failure to repay by filing suit.
You may get sued if the PDL is legal in your state. These days you'll come across a number of them who aren't, especially the on-line lenders. If your friend has one that's not licensed to operate in his state, your friend may choose to repay only the original loan amount. In that case, he doesn't need to pay for late fees and interests if any.
Are phone calls legal --stating that you are being civilly sued or criminally sued and refuses to tell you by who or for what but tells you if you do not return call it will be or else.
Generally speaking, payday loan companies cannot unilaterally 'extend' a loan unless the person who borrowed the money cannot (or will not) repay it on the date s/he agreed to pay it back, and essentially applies for a new loan to make the promised payment. These are sometimes referred to as "rollover" loans, and you may have authorized the lender to do this when you signed the contract for your initial loan in May. Of course, this just creates a further obligation to pay the loan back, and because of the fees and interest accrual involved with these loans, the amount will in fact be higher (probably much higher) than the amount of the original loan. Your note said that you'd done everything you could to get them to let you pay it off and suggested that they wouldn't allow you to pay them back. While the lender may not have been willing to accept partial payments, or to set up a payment plan for your convenience, I suspect that they would have been willing to accept full repayment of your loan at any time. That is, after all, what you probably agreed to when you took out the loan (to pay it back in one lump sum. Not in payments). What you need to do is to read the contract(s) you signed when you took out the loan(s). Your obligations, as well as those of the lender, will be spelled out in detail (possibly on the back of the document(s)). If you can find a lawyer who will give you a free consultation, you might want to find out if your state (assuming you are in the U.S.) has any specific regulations targeting payday loan firms. Some states restrict the number of times a loan can be rolled over, while others cap the annual interest rate (which can exceed 300% in some cases!). But in all likelihood, chances are that you will have to pay the amount they are requesting or run the risk of being successfully sued and damaging your credit record.
Also, being a first person collector... They are the ones your friend borrowed the money from directly... They can be a little more lax, legally, in how they speak to their "customers". Telling a client that they are being prepared for a lawsuit is not considered a threat if the company actually has the ability and compunction to follow through. In that case, the collector is merely stating a fact of what will happen if your friend continues on his/her course of action.
My friend applied at paydayloans to get some cash fast online, but she never got the money, now she gets phone calls threatening her that the money was successfully transferred to her account and she needs to go to the court because she hasn't paid it back, what should she do if she never got the money?