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What Special Terms Are Used In Market Reports?

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The art of writing market report is highly specialized. The secret of writing a good market report lies in the appropriate use of market terminology. Important terms and phrases commonly in use are given below:

1. ARBITRAGE
Its means different prices may exist in different markets for the same commodity at the same time. The object of doing so is to make some profit by the different in prices in a particular commodity at the time.

2. ARRIVALS
Fresh stocks of the commodities that are brought to the market in a given period are called Arrivals. The term is used in contrast to the opening balance on the stock in hand.

3. BEAR
A business operator who at present enters into contract of selling goods does not deliver the goods, or accepts the price till a stipulated time in future, is called a Bear. He sells at present when the price is high, and buys in future when the price falls.

4. BEARISH
The market is called bearish when there is a general expectation of a fall in price in future.

5. BULL
A bull is just opposite to the bear. The bull speculates a rise in price in future. So he buys at present when the prices is low and sells in future when the prices rise up and thus making a profit out of balance.

6. BULLISH
The market is called bullish or having a bullish tendency when there is a general expectation of a rise in price in future.

7. EX-SHIP
If the delivery is taking by the buyer at the dock, after paying all cost for their conveyance home the sale is called ex-ship.

8. GLUT
An excessive supply of any commodity is known as Glut. A gult is said to exist in the market when more goods are put there then can be sold at a reasonable prices.

9. EX-FACTORY OR EX-WAREHOUSE
It means that the delivery of goods is to take place at seller's factory or ware-house, that is, godown.

10. RIGGING
In market, where a number of bulls organize them and try to control market by bogus transaction in order to manipulate the prices of commodities in their favour, it is called Rigging.

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