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Can You Explain The Concept Of Banking Principle?

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Muhammad Abdullah786 Profile
According to this principle, there is no need to have full metallic banking of the paper currency laid down by law. The banks should be fully relied upon and authorized to regulate the note issue strictly in accordance with the business needs if the country. There should not be any reserve requirements of gold and silver for the notes issued. The banks themselves will maintain an adequate reserve of gold bullion for meeting their obligations of notes.

They are of the strong view that if there is an over issue of notes, the excess money will be automatically presented for cash payment and thus the proper ratio will be maintained between the supply of the money and the gold reserves.The merit of the principle is that it secures elasticity in the issue of currency but no safety. The banking history of England has numerous instances of monetary mismanagement by applying this principle.

So they have some defects. One sacrifices elasticity at the altar of the security and the other safety at the altar of elasticity. For the sound system of the note issue security and elasticity must go side by side. The countries of the world now have struck a nice balance between these principles and have devised new methods of regulating note issue.

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