How Does Interest Rate Affect Foreign Exchange?

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Meg Hayes Profile
Meg Hayes answered
Interest rates are something that drives the foreign exchange market (Forex) whilst currency prices are what the market is all about. Interest rates have a direct effect on those prices. Therefore, to be able to understand the current foreign exchange market, one must firstly understand the current conditions of each individual interest rate. While economic and political conditions are also among the things that greatly affect the Forex, there is nothing that affects it more than interest rates. Something to remember is that money often follows interest rates. When the interest rates rises, investors will want to capitalize high returns and you will see money flowing into the country. When one country's interest rates rise, their currency is seen as being stronger than other currencies. This happens because investors seek more of that currency to profit more. Otherwise, it is seen as a good thing when interest rates rise and a bad thing when they fall.

While interest rates can drive the market for a short time, the nature of the foreign exchange market makes it difficult for them to drive it for a long period of time. The design of the market, with it being large in size and volume, restricts interest rates from having complete control over the system. Many times however, experts try to figure out when interest rates will rise or fall. The most common thing they do in order to keep up with rates is to pay attention to economic inflation indicators. Sometimes investors and experts will also listen to speeches from politicians and other influential people. They can pick apart clues in order to make a guess before the announcements are made. Most of the time, there is a little advance notice before interest rates move.

As you can see, the influences of interest rates on the foreign exchange market are strong. They can help determine which countries' currencies are the strongest. This of course is relative to all other currencies in the market at the time. When you think about the rise and fall of interest rates, you can remember that when interest rates rise, it is typically a good thing for investors and for domestic currency. When rates fall, it is not such a great thing. When rates stay low for an extended period of time, the market may seem a little dull, however the great thing about the foreign exchange market is that when government gets involved, which it usually does at these down times, there is hope for improvement.
ray of light Profile
ray of light answered
Interest rate has a very strong impact on a country's currency exchange. Till 1990 it was thought that the interest rate parity theory was valid as far as currency's foriegn exchange rate was concenrned, but now the phenomenon does not hold true for most of the currencies. Now if the interest rate of a country rises, the demand of that country's currency goes up and its value gets appreciated and vice versa

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